Steam Plant Operation, 9th Edition, is the definitive guide for steam power plant systems and operation. For more than 75 years, Steam Plant Operation has been a trusted source of information on steam power plants, including the design, operation, and maintenance of major systems. Steam Plant Operation, 9th Edition, emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive energy plan utilizing all economical sources of energy, including fossil fuels, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources.
Wind, solar, and biomass power are introduced in the book, and the benefits and challenges of these renewable resources for the production of reliable, cost-effective electric power are identified. Even with these new technologies, approximately 90% of electricity is generated using steam as the power source, emphasizing its importance now and in the futures. In-depth details on coal-fired plants, gas turbine cogeneration, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources are included, as are the environmental control systems that they require. Potential techniques for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel-fired power plants also are presented.
This practical guide provides common power plant calculations such as plant heat rate, boiler efficiency, pump performance, combustion processes, and collection efficiency for plant emissions. Numerous illustrations and clear presentation of the material will assist those preparing for an operator's license exam. In addition, engineering students will find a detailed introduction to steam power plant technology.
Steam Plant Operation, 9th Edition, covers:
From the Preface
- Steam and its importance.
- Design and construction of boilers.
- Combustion of fuels.
- Boiler settings, combustion systems, and auxiliary equipment.
- Boiler accessories.
- Operation and maintenance of boilers.
- Steam turbines, condensers, and cooling towers.
- Operating and maintaining steam turbines, condensers, cooling towers, and auxiliaries.
- Auxiliary steam plant equipment.
- Environmental control systems.
- Waste-to-energy plants.
Nearly every day we hear news involving our energy sources and what it means for our future. We consistently hear topics referencing renewable or alternative energy sources or identifying fears associated with global warming or, as it is sometimes called, climate change. If one did not examine it further, it could appear that solar power and wind power are the possible solutions to all of our energy problems for the production of electricity.
Yet, it is seldom mentioned that the economics of any source of energy is critical to our economy, and, because of the low availability of these renewable sources, conventional means of meeting the electric demand must still be available. This requires that fossil fuels of coal and natural gas, as well as nuclear plants, must still be required to provide the heat energy for the production of steam that powers the turbine generators.
Approximately 90 percent of the electricity is produced with the use of steam from a variety of energy sources - coal, natural gas, oil, nuclear, biomass, and even solar power. There is no question that every potential energy source, including wind and solar power, must be investigated and developed to produce the economical power that we need, and, at the same time, meet the realistic environmental standards that are established.
So, for over 75 years, Steam Plant Operation has been a valuable source of information on the various systems required to operate a power plant in a safe and economical manner relating to all types of energy sources which produce steam. It is with great pride that I am able to continue this wonderful tradition by presenting the ninth edition of this book.
My father, Herb Lammers, and his friend and co-author, Everett Woodruff, authored the initial editions of Steam Plant Operation with the idea of presenting information in a clear and easily understandable format by using illustrations and descriptions of the various systems found in a steam power plant. As a result of this manner of presentation, this book has assisted many for over 75 years in obtaining their power plant operator's license, and has also helped many in the academic area to understand the complexities of a power plant with continued further studies in the is field. This ninth edition continues to present information in that same clear and understandable manner.
Is a significant achievement and it is a rarity to have a textbook covering nine editions over a span of more than 75 years. It has helped many in the understanding of steam power plants, and their continued study has led to contributions and improvements to this critical technology of producing power which is so important to making our everyday lives better.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Steam and Its Importance. Chapter 2: Boilers. Chapter 3: Design and Construction of Boilers. Chapter 4: Combustion of Fuels. Chapter 5: Boiler Settings, Combustion Systems, and Auxiliary Equipment. Chapter 6: Boiler Accessories. Chapter 7: Operation and Maintenance of Boilers. Chapter 8: Pumps. Chapter 9: Steam Turbines, Condensers, and Cooling Towers. Chapter 10: Operating and Maintaining Steam Turbines, Condensers, Cooling Towers, and Auxiliaries. Chapter 11: Auxiliary Steam-Plant Equipment. Chapter 12: Environmental Control Systems. Chapter 13: Waste-to-Energy Plants. Appendix A: Unit Conversions. Appendix B: Geometric Formulas. Appendix C: Steam Tables and Charts. Appendix D: Answers to Problems. Glossary. Index.
About the Authors
Everett B Woodruff
was project engineer at A.M. Kinney, Inc., a leading architectural, engineering, and design process firm. He was involved in the design of industrial and utility power plants, and provided consultation in steam plant operation and maintenance, in plant performance test requirements, and in the development of overall power plant specifications.
Herbert B Lammers
was a consultant for various industries that were dependent on steam power plants for their reliable source of power He provided expertise in the efficient combustion of various fuels and in the economic operation and maintenance of boilers and various power plant systems.
Thomas F Lammers
was a senior project manager with Babcock & Wilcox Co., one of the world's leading designers and suppliers of steam-generating systems and related power plant equipment. During his 36 years with the company, Mr. Lammers had various management responsibilities in the areas of engineering, marketing, and project management. He is the author of the fifth through Ninth Editions of Steam Plant Operation.